What are your mental health ‘outpatient’ treatment options?
May 23, 2022
What are your mental health ‘outpatient’ treatment options?
If you or a family member are experiencing a new or worsening mental health issue like depression or anxiety, you may be wondering about your treatment options. Mental health care terminology may seem confusing at first, but in this post we will define and discuss the various outpatient treatment services, types of care, and the varying professionals who provide them.
Outpatient Services: Outpatient services include psychotherapy (i.e. therapy, counseling), and psychiatry (medication management) services.
Psychotherapy services (Talk Therapy): Let’s begin with psychotherapy. There are different kinds of licensed mental health professionals who provide talk therapy, which include licensed professional counselors (LPCs), licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs), psychologists (PsyDs or PhDs), and licensed marriage and family therapists (LMFTs). Typically therapists will have different specialties based on their training and clinical experience. For instance one therapist may specialize in narrative therapy or trauma therapy and another may specialize in marriage, couples, or family therapy. It can be helpful to consider your reasons for seeking treatment and match a therapist based on your presenting concerns or treatment preferences.
When you or your family member begins therapy services, typically the first session will be an evaluation (e.g. a biopsychosocial intake). During this encounter you will answer questions such as what brings you to therapy, share about the symptoms you are experiencing, discuss current and past stressors, and your biopsychosocial history (that is, your medical, psychological and social history). You and the therapist will develop a treatment plan with treatment goals. These will be the goals that you collaboratively work on together during your treatment journey (e.g. reducing anxiety, resolving a family conflict, etc.). Therapy is often conducted on a weekly basis (at least to start) and may lessen in frequency over time. When you have successfully achieved your treatment goals such as better managing depression symptoms or addressing a traumatic experience, you might decrease frequency ann then discharge from therapy. If you discharge and decide you need therapy again in the future, you can always reach out to start up services again.
Psychiatry services (Medication Management): Outpatient psychiatry services typically entails psychotropic medication (medications for mood and mental health symptoms) management. Some psychiatry service providers will also provide additional supportive talk therapy services and offer recommendations for non-pharmacological interventions. Providers may include psychiatrists, but also psychiatric nurse practitioners or other trained prescribers. They are all licensed professionals who can prescribe and manage your psychotropic medications, such as prescribing an antidepressant for major depressive disorder. Typically the first encounter is an initial evaluation or intake. During this meeting, you will discuss your concerns, psychiatric history, etc.,and the provider will make a diagnosis and determine psychotropic medication recommendations. After that, you will likely attend scheduled follow up appointments, typically every 1-3 months or at the cadence recommended by your provider, to monitor the medication efficacy, your symptoms, and how the medication(s) is working for you. It may take time and trial and error to find the best and most effective medication regimen that works for you. Follow-up medication management meetings are typically brief, lasting about 15 minutes.
It’s important to note that an individual can have both an outpatient psychiatry and psychology service provider.
When outpatient therapy and psychiatry services are not enough and a person begins experiencing overwhelming anxiety, depression, or is in crisis, other more intensive mental health care treatment options may be more appropriate.
Intensive outpatient program: Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOP) are treatment programs that address a wide range of mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and even substance use disorders. These programs do not require 24/7 supervision like residential or inpatient hospitalization, but are a higher level of care than outpatient therapy and psychiatry. IOPs are short term treatment programs that include individual therapy and group therapies to treat a person’s acute symptoms and help them adapt to their communities and families and return to their baseline level of functioning. IOPs consist of 6-9 hours of treatment a day, usually 3-5 days per week, and lasts a few weeks (HNFS). IOPs are a limited benefit and require medical necessity and insurance approval. IOPs allow a person to go about their day to day life and routine in an outpatient setting while addressing their heightened symptoms without requiring a partial hospitalization program, residential treatment, or inpatient hospitalization (American Addiction Centers, 2022).
Partial Hospitalization Program: A Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP) is similar to an IOP; however, it’s a higher level of care than an IOP. PHPs are an appropriate setting for crisis stabilization and can be a step down from inpatient hospitalization. It’s a short term benefit in an outpatient setting. PHPs are structured, intensive treatment programs that include individual therapy, group therapy, coordination of care, medication management services, and crisis services (HNFS). These programs typically include longer treatment sessions and more approved days a week and may last a few weeks depending on the medical necessity and insurance approval. When a person is at risk and in imminent danger to themselves or others, inpatient hospitalization is most appropriate.
Finding a provider: If you are insured, whether that is commercial, Medicaid, or Medicare you can call your insurance member services number and request a list of in network providers. If you are uninsured, you can go to your area’s community mental health center. Self-pay is also an option.
CHE Behavioral Health Services accepts most major insurances, and offers affordable self-pay care plans and options. We offer secure virtual talk therapy and medication management in the comforts of home at your convenience.
Written by: Makenzie Pacubas, MSW, LCSW. Makenzie is a clinical social worker who has worked in the mental health field for over a decade and now works in clinical quality assurance with CHE Behavioral Health Services. Makenzie lives in Missouri with her husband, Justin, and their two pets. She likes to exercise, read, get outdoors, and try new restaurants with her husband.
“Intensive Outpatient Program for MH/Substance Use Disorder.” Health Net Federal Services, https://www.hnfs.com/content/h...;
Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP): What Is It & Find IOPs Near Me.” American Addiction Centers, March 30, 2022, https://americanaddictioncente...;
“Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP).” Health Net Federal Services, https://www.hnfs.com/content/h....